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Copyright for students

Released by Federation University via YouTube under a CC BY-ND 4.0 licence.

Copyright! - the short film, was developed with funding from the Dual Sector Partnership (DSP) project at Federation University. It was a collaborative effort by staff in the Centre for Learning Innovation and Professional Practice (CLIPP), FedUni Library and one of their DSP partner librarians (GOTAFE). The actors were all students from the performing arts program in Ballarat.

Copyright as a student

As a student, you can rely on what’s called ‘fair dealing for research or study’.

This exception allows you to reproduce limited copyright material both for your own reference and in your assignments. The guidelines for text and notated (sheet) music are:

  • 10% of the pages, or one chapter, from a hard-copy source
  • 10% of the number of words from an electronic source
  • One article from an edition or issue of a periodical
    • More than one article from a single issue or edition is permitted provided the articles are to be used for the same research or course of study

You can also reproduce images and other media in your coursework, but the use must be ‘fair’. In order for the exception to apply, your work (assignments, etc.) must only be available to you, your classmates and your instructors for assessment in that course of study.

 

What is copyright?

Copyright is a monopoly created by legislation that is meant to act as an incentive to keep people creating.

It refers to a set of exclusive economic rights that give authors/creators control over what happens to their work. These rights include the right to:

  • copy (in any format, hard-copy or digital)
  • publish (in any format, print or digital)
  • adapt (in any format, print or digital)
  • communicate (including, but not limited to, distributing via internet, emailing), and
  • to publicly perform or broadcast the work

Copyright is automatic as soon as the original work is created. It is not necessary to register copyright in Australia. However, copyright does not last forever. Different types of work have different periods of duration and duration varies from country to country.

 

Copyright and the internet

Surely copyright doesn't exist on the internet? It most certainly does exist.

 

Material (including text, documents, reports, photos, music, movies, etc) on websites and other online platforms is protected by copyright in the same way as more traditional media such as books. The internet is just another, digital, form of publishing.

 

Just because something is freely available online does not mean it’s ‘in the public domain’ and is free to use. Always assume material you find online is protected by copyright.

 

Using work outside of class

What do I do if I want to use my work outside of class?

If you have an assignment, paper, or other work, that you would like to post online (including posting a copy to the USC Research Bank), publish in any format, present at a conference, or make available to a potential audience (as opposed to just your classmates and instructors in that course of study), then you may need to seek permission from the copyright owner to include their content.

 

Is there any alternative to seeking permission?

A good habit to get into is to look for Creative Commons or other similarly open licensed material, as this can help remove some of the copyright and permissions issues. You can often find Creative Commons images that will suit your needs. There is a required format for attribution, but it’s not difficult.

 

What else do I need to know?

Whenever you use or present the thoughts or works of others, you must acknowledge or reference that work. Acknowledgment is actually required by legislation and is called a creator’s ‘moral right’. You must acknowledge your sources, regardless of what you are doing with the material - even if it's ‘non-commercial’.

 

There is no defined level of change that will make material yours. If what you've created is substantially similar to the original, you may need to seek permission to use it outside the classroom. If what you've created is obviously derived from someone else's material, you may need to seek permission to use it outside the classroom. Regardless of how you use it, the creator must always be acknowledged.

 

Copyright applies as soon as work has been created in a form that can be recognised or reproduced - it does not matter if it has been published or not. However, the duration of copyright in unpublished material may be affected.

 

What about copyright in my work?

As a student, you own copyright in material you create as part of your studies. If an instructor (or anyone else) wants to use your work in their teaching, or in any other way, they must get your permission (ideally in writing).

 

However, if you are a research student and have signed a funding or research agreement, the terms of the agreement will dictate copyright ownership.

 

If you are a student, who is also employed by USC, then the University will own copyright in all material created as part of your employment - except for scholarly or creative works, if you are employed as an academic. Check your employment agreement.


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