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Fake News: Resources on Evaluating 'Fake News'

In a world of 'fake', 'post-truth' and 'alternative' news, critically understanding what to look for and how to evaluate information is becoming increasingly important.

Further Reading: BOOKS


Further Reading: ARTICLES


Articles with an Australian Focus

The Conversation. (2018). Articles on fake news. Retrieved from
A range of articles about ‘fake news’ collected and updated globally, but with an emphasis on Australian content.

Schapals, A. K. (2018). Fake news: Australian and British journalists' role perceptions in an era of "alternative facts". Journalism Practice, 12(8), 976-985.
The present study is a first step in investigating how journalists perceive their roles at a time in which the legitimacy of factual accounts of current events is increasingly put into question.

Williams, K., & Nettlefold, J. (2018). Can you tell fact from fiction?  Most students can't. Retrieved from
Australia needs dedicated media literacy curricula: Recent studies show young Australians are not confident about spotting false news online.

Articles with an International Focus

An, J., Ciampaglia, G. L., Grinberg, N., Joseph, K., Mantzarlis, A., Maus, G., . . . Welles, B. F. (2017). Reports of the workshops held at the 2017 international AAAI conference on web and social media. Al Magazine, 38(4), 93-98. doi:10.1609/aimag.v38i4.2772
The deluge of online and offline misinformation is overloading the exchange of ideas upon which democracies depend. Fake news, conspiracy theories, and deceptive social bots proliferate, facilitating the manipulation of public opinion.

Bakir, V., & McStay, A. (2018). Fake news and the economy of emotions: Problems, causes, solutions. Digital Journalism, 6(2), 154-175. doi:10.1080/21670811.2017.1345645
This paper examines the 2016 US presidential election campaign to identify problems with, causes of and solutions to the contemporary fake news phenomenon.

Burshtein, S. (2017). The true story on fake news. Intellectual Property Journal, 29(3), 397-446.
One of the most newsworthy political and societal issues is news itself — or rather ‘‘fake news”. Accurate news is vital to democracy and the explosive growth of fake news is cited by many as a threat.

Geschke, D., Lorenz, J., & Holtz, P. (2018) The triple-filter bubble: Using agent-based modelling to test a meta-theoretical framework for the emergence of filter bubbles and echo chambers. British Journal of Social Psychology, 12 October 2018(Special Issue). doi:doi:10.1111/bjso.12286
Filter bubbles and echo chambers have both been linked recently by commentators to rapid societal changes such as Brexit and the polarization of the US American society in the course of Donald Trump’s election campaign.

Marchi, R. (2012). With Facebook, blogs, and fake news, teens reject journalistic “objectivity”. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 36(3), 246-262. doi:10.1177/0196859912458700
This article examines the news behaviors and attitudes of teenagers, an understudied demographic in the research on youth and news media.

Mould, T. (2018). Introduction to the special issue on fake news: Definitions and approaches. Journal of American Folklore, 131(522), 371-378.
Fake news” has officially arrived. Competing against antifa, echo chamber, and fidget spinner, among others, fake news was ultimately selected by the Collins Dictionary as the 2017 word of the year, defined as false, often sensational, information disseminated under the guise of news reporting (Collins 2017).

Uscinski, J. (2017). Fake news freakout: Are internet conspiracy theories ruining America. Reason, 48(10), 54-59.
Anyone with a Facebook account this year likely witnessed a barrage of false, conspiracy-laden headlines. The author's news feed informed him that Hillary Clinton was gravely ill, was already dead, had a body double, and murdered dozens of people. (It's amazing what you can learn when you have the right friends.)

Further Reading: REPORTS


AUSTRALIAN News & Media Reports


Park, S., Fisher, C., Fuller, G., & Lee, J. Y. (2018). Digital news report: Australia 2018. Retrieved from


Nevezie, L., & Eade, J. (2018). Media consumer survey 2018: Australian media and digital entertainment preferences. Retrieved from


INTERNATIONAL News & Media Reports


Newman, N., Fletcher, R., Kalogeropoulos, A., Levy, D., & Nielsen, R. (2018). Digital news report 2018 (International coverage). Retrieved from


Nielsen, R. (2017). Where do people get their news?  British media landscape in 5 charts (UK - Oxford University). Retrieved from


Shearer, E., & Gottfried, J. (2017). News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2017 (US Report from PEW Research Center). Retrieved from

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